What can happen in the future?
Predictive process mining is a process mining technique concerned with predicting how running (uncompleted) cases will unfold up to their completion.
What is Predictive Process Mining?

Process Mining allows for the automated discovery of process models from event logs. These models provide insights and enable various types of model-based analysis. Such discovered process models can be extended with information to predict the completion time of running instances. There are many scenarios where it is useful to have reliable time predictions. For example, when a customer phones her insurance company for information about her insurance claim, she can be given an estimate for the remaining processing time.